Secondary Holdings of the Tormey-Holder Collection: Artist Unknown
Joseph II (1741-1790), Holy Roman Emperor from 1764 to 1790
1 3/16 x 1 5/8 inches (sight)
Formerly a holding of the King Umberto Collection
(Umberto II of Italy -- 1848-1924 -- 4th Great Nephew of Joseph II)
Joseph II was Holy Roman Emperor for the period 1765-1790, Apostolic King of Hungary, King of Bohemia and Archduke of Austria. He was the eldest son of the powerful Austrian ruler and Holy Roman Empress Maria Theresa and her husband Francis I, and he was a brother of Marie Antoinette, Queen consort of French King Louis XVI.
Having been a holding in the personal collection of King Umberto II of Italy, this miniature portrait is of unique historical value and is considered a highly desirable collectible. It was, nonetheless, painted by an unknown artist (likely copied from earlier works by Austrian artist Joseph Hickel) sometime in the three decades after the death of Joseph II -- making it less important than a portrait painted by a known artist, taken during a live sitting of the emperor.
Attribution Advice Welcomed: Do you recognize aspects of this miniature portrait that you believe should be attributed to a specific artist that we have failed to consider? If so, we welcome your thoughts and suggestions and invite you to contact us.
A Note regarding Core vs. Secondary Holdings: Being that a significant amount of our time and energy is spent conducting biographical research on the lives of miniature portrait painters and the subjects they painted, we have chosen to designate as "core" those holdings that can be attributed to specific artists or are of solidly identifiable subjects. Interestingly, however, some miniatures that are designated as secondary holdings are actually more finely painted or are of greater value than some of their core holding counterparts. For the purposes of this website, they will nonetheless remain designated as secondary holdings until such time as their subjects or the artists who painted them can be identified with additional research.